Keratin hair treatment reviews side effects Unity

keratin hair treatment reviews side effects

7 Disadvantages Of Keratin Hair Treatment Mag For Women The biggest negative aspect of this treatment is the fact that the hair cannot be touched for 3 days after the procedure. It has to hang loose, without being washed for this time which has been found very uncomfortable among women. As such, the development of dandruff has become one of the many keratin hair treatment side effects.

Are Keratin Treatments Bad for You? The Scary Side Effects

Potential Keratin Treatment Risks And Side Effects. Keratin is an organic compound which is among other things the essential component of human hair. It provides hair with a stronghold, shine and complex protection from inside and outside. It's not a chemical that breaks the structure of the hair., Objective. A new, novel product, Cynatine HNS, was evaluated for its effects as a supplement for improving various aspects of hair and nails in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Methods. A total of 50 females were included and randomized into two groups. The active group received 2 capsules containing Cynatine HNS, comprised of Cynatine brand keratin (500 mg.

Keratin treatments are all the rage because they straighten hair for several months while leaving the hair looking healthier than before the treatment. The healthy shine is also why some women get keratin treatments - even if they don't necessarily want straight hair - you can keep your curls but increase manageability and eliminate frizz. Keratin treatments can smooth and straighten the hair, but it can also come with some potential side effects. Formaldehyde, a known cancer-causing chemical is used in this type of treatment, and

Brazilian keratin hair treatment: a review. Weathersby C(1), McMichael A. Author information: (1)University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA. Brazilian keratin treatments are widely available products that are used by women all over the world to straighten hair. Marketers of these products claim that the keratin Luckily for those keratin-treatment loyalists, their answer was no. "I wouldn't say [keratin treatments] are necessarily bad for your hair," says Vaccaro. "There are different brands of keratin, and it's important to know what kind you're using and how frequently you're getting it done." We had them break it down in more detail for us.

Keratin is an organic compound which is among other things the essential component of human hair. It provides hair with a stronghold, shine and complex protection from inside and outside. It's not a chemical that breaks the structure of the hair. Even if you haven't actually gotten a keratin treatment, you've probably heard of it. (It goes by many other names, like Brazilian blowout, Brazilian keratin treatment, and straightening treatment

"Keratin has proven to be revolutionary in taking untamed hair and making it look effortlessly blow-dried," explains Vanessa Essack, stylist at Hari's Hairdressers. "The treatment wraps keratin Keratin is an organic compound which is among other things the essential component of human hair. It provides hair with a stronghold, shine and complex protection from inside and outside. It's not a chemical that breaks the structure of the hair.

In the beauty world, keratin has become the hair-care ingredient of legend. For decades, many celebs with shiny and ultra-soft hair have made it happen via in-salon treatments — the results of 12. At-home Keratin Hair Smoothing Treatments Side Effects. Most at-home keratin smoothing treatment might not contain formaldehyde listed on the label. But formaldehyde will be present in the listed ingredients that can contain methylene, glycol, paraform, oxomethane, and other harmful substances. Apart from that, you should watch out for

Objective. A new, novel product, Cynatine HNS, was evaluated for its effects as a supplement for improving various aspects of hair and nails in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Methods. A total of 50 females were included and randomized into two groups. The active group received 2 capsules containing Cynatine HNS, comprised of Cynatine brand keratin (500 mg Keratin is a popular supplement for hair, skin, and fingernails, though there is little evidence to suggest that taking Keratin supplements can stop hair loss or stimulate hair or nail growth. Keratin supplements are taken to support healthy hair, skin and nails. However, supplements do have the potential to cause side effects.

Hair fall. Chemicals used in Keratin Treatment damage the hair and spoil the hair texture. Long term effects of damage caused by the chemicals are thinning of hair, weakening of roots and ultimately hair fall. Many individuals experience excessive hair loss after the keratin treatment. The reason behind drastic hair fall could be the high Hello and thanks for the query. Females go for a keratin hair treatment to rejuvenate and straighten their dull, listless locks. Keratin is the substance which the hair (as well as the nails) are made of. Frequently abusing hair with styling and heating and chemical applications causes it to lose...

Keratin Treatments Potential Risks And Side Effects You may or may not have noticed a lot of hoopla out there about the potential risks and side effects of keratin treatments. Some of the TV reports would have you believe that you your head might explode if you receive some of the popular keratin treatments. Thirty-three hair-straightening products have been recalled over the last three years in several countries due to high levels of formaldehyde, however, the U.S. has yet to pull the toxic products, according to new research from the national nonprofit Women’s Voices for the Earth (WVE). Read on to fi...

Side Effects of Keratin Treatment. Are there any possible risks associated with keratin treatment? It is pretty debatable. Some say the results are risk-worthy while others avoid re-doing the process due to its high-chemical content. However, there are a couple of side effects that you need to look out for. 19/12/2016В В· Chemical hair straightening has recently come under fire for causing some super-scary side effects, with hair damage being the least of it. Here's what you need to know

Keratin treatments can smooth and straighten the hair, but it can also come with some potential side effects. Formaldehyde, a known cancer-causing chemical is used in this type of treatment, and If you thought that the health risks associated with hair-smoothing keratin treatments were behind us, think again. Though the formulas used in salons today typically are less dangerous than the notorious Brazilian Blowout, a product whose risks came to light back in …

Amazon.com Customer reviews keratin Treatments. 15/05/2018В В· This shampoo will provide Vitamins and Keratin to your hairs to have the best hair scalp and strength. Volumizing Keratin Conditioner ; When our hairs become thin and the breakage starts then the hairs lose their volume. They start looking less and thin. The hair volume falls down and as a result, the hairs look even less in the count. The, Keratin is an organic compound which is among other things the essential component of human hair. It provides hair with a stronghold, shine and complex protection from inside and outside. It's not a chemical that breaks the structure of the hair..

Mycro Keratin

keratin hair treatment reviews side effects

Keratin Hair Straightening Treatment Side Effects. 17/12/2018 · 11 Major Side Effects of Hair Smoothening/Hair Straightening side-effects, illness or any health or skin related problems causes due to the use of our content or anything related to this, Those with fine strands may find a keratin treatment weighs down their hair, while hair botox retains more volume. How Long Do They Last? Both hair botox and keratin treatments offer semi-permanent results. The effects of hair botox typically last between 2-4 months, while keratin treatments last on average 3 months. For both treatments, it’s.

Keratin Hair Straightening Treatment Method Cost Side

keratin hair treatment reviews side effects

Keratin Treatment At Home Salon Side Effects Review. Find patient medical information for Biotin-Keratin Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings. Luckily for those keratin-treatment loyalists, their answer was no. "I wouldn't say [keratin treatments] are necessarily bad for your hair," says Vaccaro. "There are different brands of keratin, and it's important to know what kind you're using and how frequently you're getting it done." We had them break it down in more detail for us..

keratin hair treatment reviews side effects

  • Keratin Supplements Hair Growth Formula Pills Side Effects
  • Mycro Keratin
  • Keratin Treatment Side Effects fashionlady.in

  • Hello and thanks for the query. Females go for a keratin hair treatment to rejuvenate and straighten their dull, listless locks. Keratin is the substance which the hair (as well as the nails) are made of. Frequently abusing hair with styling and heating and chemical applications causes it to lose... Keratin hair straightening treatment gives silky straight hair and a trendy look. Know all about this popular hair styling treatment including the method, advantages, disadvantages, and aftercare. Know all about this popular hair styling treatment including the method, advantages, disadvantages, and aftercare.

    17/12/2018В В· 11 Major Side Effects of Hair Smoothening/Hair Straightening side-effects, illness or any health or skin related problems causes due to the use of our content or anything related to this Some keratin brands market themselves as "formaldehyde-free," though tests have proven that a number of these do contain some amount of the toxin. For a traditional keratin treatment to work, some formaldehyde will be in the product. How much is what matters. An honest and experienced stylist will know how much formaldehyde is in the treatment

    Keratin hair straightening treatment gives silky straight hair and a trendy look. Know all about this popular hair styling treatment including the method, advantages, disadvantages, and aftercare. Know all about this popular hair styling treatment including the method, advantages, disadvantages, and aftercare. I bought this for my daughter who is 10 years old. She has gorgeous spiraling locks of hair and tons of it! We love her curls but sometimes we think it would be fun to have straight hair and just a regular blow dry would keep her hair straight only a day or two. So when I found this Brazilian Keratin Hair Treatment we though it would be a great

    Find patient medical information for Biotin-Keratin Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings. hair care Comments Off on Keratin Treatment Side Effects 407 Views Keratin hair straightening is sometimes called Brazilian keratin remedy. Maximum folks are fascinated seeing the ahead of and after footage of keratin remedy.

    Keratin is an organic compound which is among other things the essential component of human hair. It provides hair with a stronghold, shine and complex protection from inside and outside. It's not a chemical that breaks the structure of the hair. Brazilian keratin hair treatment: a review. Weathersby C(1), McMichael A. Author information: (1)University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA. Brazilian keratin treatments are widely available products that are used by women all over the world to straighten hair. Marketers of these products claim that the keratin

    I stumbled across Takamichi Hair and its abundance of five-star Yelp reviews during one of my keratin research black holes. When I inquired about the formaldehyde-free keratin treatment advertised on its website, I learned it was a formula called Cezanne that promises to smooth and de-frizz hair while restoring shine, cut blow-drying time in half and — most importantly — work on all hair Keratin is a popular supplement for hair, skin, and fingernails, though there is little evidence to suggest that taking Keratin supplements can stop hair loss or stimulate hair or nail growth. Keratin supplements are taken to support healthy hair, skin and nails. However, supplements do have the potential to cause side effects.

    Keratin treatments can smooth and straighten the hair, but it can also come with some potential side effects. Formaldehyde, a known cancer-causing chemical is used in this type of treatment, and 08/10/2019В В· During a keratin treatment, keratin is artificially added to the hair but that has not positive and negative effects. Here is our review on Keratin treatment and everything related you always

    08/10/2019 · During a keratin treatment, keratin is artificially added to the hair but that has not positive and negative effects. Here is our review on Keratin treatment and everything related you always If you thought that the health risks associated with hair-smoothing keratin treatments were behind us, think again. Though the formulas used in salons today typically are less dangerous than the notorious Brazilian Blowout, a product whose risks came to light back in …

    Brazilian keratin hair treatment: a review. Weathersby C(1), McMichael A. Author information: (1)University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA. Brazilian keratin treatments are widely available products that are used by women all over the world to straighten hair. Marketers of these products claim that the keratin If you thought that the health risks associated with hair-smoothing keratin treatments were behind us, think again. Though the formulas used in salons today typically are less dangerous than the notorious Brazilian Blowout, a product whose risks came to light back in …

    Keratin treatments vary in price based on the type of treatment and ingredients used. You can expect to pay anywhere from $8 to $100 for a good keratin treatment. For a professional-grade keratin treatment, you’ll usually pay between $30 and $100. For a leave-in keratin treatment, you’ll usually pay … 7 Disadvantages Of Keratin Hair Treatment Though keratin hair treatment is a good way to get soft, straight and silky hair, you cannot ignore the side effects of the keratin hair treatment. Read ahead and find out some of the short term and long term side effects of keratin hair treatment.

    Keratin treatments are all the rage because they straighten hair for several months while leaving the hair looking healthier than before the treatment. The healthy shine is also why some women get keratin treatments - even if they don't necessarily want straight hair - you can keep your curls but increase manageability and eliminate frizz. Side Effects of Keratin Treatment. Are there any possible risks associated with keratin treatment? It is pretty debatable. Some say the results are risk-worthy while others avoid re-doing the process due to its high-chemical content. However, there are a couple of side effects that you need to look out for.

    33 Toxic Hair Straighteners Under International Recall

    keratin hair treatment reviews side effects

    Keratin Treatment Side Effects fashionlady.in. It costs anywhere between $200 to $500 to get this treatment done. Effect. This is not a permanent hair straightening method and the effect starts wearing off in three months. After this period, you would need to do a complete application of the keratin treatment on hair since keratin from the previous treatment would have worn off., hair care Comments Off on Keratin Treatment Side Effects 407 Views Keratin hair straightening is sometimes called Brazilian keratin remedy. Maximum folks are fascinated seeing the ahead of and after footage of keratin remedy..

    Keratin Hair Straightening Treatment Method Cost Side

    What is keratin hair treatment? And what are its side. Keratin Treatments Potential Risks And Side Effects You may or may not have noticed a lot of hoopla out there about the potential risks and side effects of keratin treatments. Some of the TV reports would have you believe that you your head might explode if you receive some of the popular keratin treatments., 15/05/2018В В· This shampoo will provide Vitamins and Keratin to your hairs to have the best hair scalp and strength. Volumizing Keratin Conditioner ; When our hairs become thin and the breakage starts then the hairs lose their volume. They start looking less and thin. The hair volume falls down and as a result, the hairs look even less in the count. The.

    12. At-home Keratin Hair Smoothing Treatments Side Effects. Most at-home keratin smoothing treatment might not contain formaldehyde listed on the label. But formaldehyde will be present in the listed ingredients that can contain methylene, glycol, paraform, oxomethane, and other harmful substances. Apart from that, you should watch out for It costs anywhere between $200 to $500 to get this treatment done. Effect. This is not a permanent hair straightening method and the effect starts wearing off in three months. After this period, you would need to do a complete application of the keratin treatment on hair since keratin from the previous treatment would have worn off.

    Hair fall. Chemicals used in Keratin Treatment damage the hair and spoil the hair texture. Long term effects of damage caused by the chemicals are thinning of hair, weakening of roots and ultimately hair fall. Many individuals experience excessive hair loss after the keratin treatment. The reason behind drastic hair fall could be the high I stumbled across Takamichi Hair and its abundance of five-star Yelp reviews during one of my keratin research black holes. When I inquired about the formaldehyde-free keratin treatment advertised on its website, I learned it was a formula called Cezanne that promises to smooth and de-frizz hair while restoring shine, cut blow-drying time in half and — most importantly — work on all hair

    Even if you haven't actually gotten a keratin treatment, you've probably heard of it. (It goes by many other names, like Brazilian blowout, Brazilian keratin treatment, and straightening treatment Brazilian keratin hair treatment: a review. Weathersby C(1), McMichael A. Author information: (1)University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA. Brazilian keratin treatments are widely available products that are used by women all over the world to straighten hair. Marketers of these products claim that the keratin

    Keratin treatments can smooth and straighten the hair, but it can also come with some potential side effects. Formaldehyde, a known cancer-causing chemical is used in this type of treatment, and 7 Disadvantages Of Keratin Hair Treatment Though keratin hair treatment is a good way to get soft, straight and silky hair, you cannot ignore the side effects of the keratin hair treatment. Read ahead and find out some of the short term and long term side effects of keratin hair treatment.

    Keratin hair treatment is a great way of straightening frizzy and curly hair; giving it a smooth, beautiful appearance. However, this treatment is not devoid of side effects, some serious enough to warrant a ban on smoothing products in some countries. Here is a look at what exactly makes this treatment so unsafe and its lesser evils. Hair fall. Chemicals used in Keratin Treatment damage the hair and spoil the hair texture. Long term effects of damage caused by the chemicals are thinning of hair, weakening of roots and ultimately hair fall. Many individuals experience excessive hair loss after the keratin treatment. The reason behind drastic hair fall could be the high

    08/07/2019 · Keratin hair treatment review Keratin treatment price in India Keratin treatment side effects Keratin vs. rebounding In this video I’m sharing my experience of keratin hair treatment … 08/10/2019 · During a keratin treatment, keratin is artificially added to the hair but that has not positive and negative effects. Here is our review on Keratin treatment and everything related you always

    Keratin hair treatment is a great way of straightening frizzy and curly hair; giving it a smooth, beautiful appearance. However, this treatment is not devoid of side effects, some serious enough to warrant a ban on smoothing products in some countries. Here is a look at what exactly makes this treatment so unsafe and its lesser evils. Those with fine strands may find a keratin treatment weighs down their hair, while hair botox retains more volume. How Long Do They Last? Both hair botox and keratin treatments offer semi-permanent results. The effects of hair botox typically last between 2-4 months, while keratin treatments last on average 3 months. For both treatments, it’s

    Keratin treatments can smooth and straighten the hair, but it can also come with some potential side effects. Formaldehyde, a known cancer-causing chemical is used in this type of treatment, and Sadly, many salon workers and clients are unaware keratin treatment dangers until they experience side effects. In addition to formaldehyde and/or formaldehyde-producing ingredients being put on your hair during a Brazilian hair treatment, a hair iron is used at a typical temperature of 450 degrees. That kind of heat is especially risky and

    Hair fall. Chemicals used in Keratin Treatment damage the hair and spoil the hair texture. Long term effects of damage caused by the chemicals are thinning of hair, weakening of roots and ultimately hair fall. Many individuals experience excessive hair loss after the keratin treatment. The reason behind drastic hair fall could be the high 08/10/2019В В· During a keratin treatment, keratin is artificially added to the hair but that has not positive and negative effects. Here is our review on Keratin treatment and everything related you always

    Those with fine strands may find a keratin treatment weighs down their hair, while hair botox retains more volume. How Long Do They Last? Both hair botox and keratin treatments offer semi-permanent results. The effects of hair botox typically last between 2-4 months, while keratin treatments last on average 3 months. For both treatments, it’s Objective. A new, novel product, Cynatine HNS, was evaluated for its effects as a supplement for improving various aspects of hair and nails in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Methods. A total of 50 females were included and randomized into two groups. The active group received 2 capsules containing Cynatine HNS, comprised of Cynatine brand keratin (500 mg

    It costs anywhere between $200 to $500 to get this treatment done. Effect. This is not a permanent hair straightening method and the effect starts wearing off in three months. After this period, you would need to do a complete application of the keratin treatment on hair since keratin from the previous treatment would have worn off. Sadly, many salon workers and clients are unaware keratin treatment dangers until they experience side effects. In addition to formaldehyde and/or formaldehyde-producing ingredients being put on your hair during a Brazilian hair treatment, a hair iron is used at a typical temperature of 450 degrees. That kind of heat is especially risky and

    Hair Botox vs. Keratin Treatment What's the Difference?

    keratin hair treatment reviews side effects

    KERATIN HAIR TREATMENT REVIEW Keratin Treatment Price In. Image Source: Ladiesbalance.com. A keratin hair treatment for curly hair can help you to fight frizz, split ends, and straighten your hair without doing permanent damage to your curls. This treatment has gained popularity among the natural hair community, but has also caused controversy, due to its ingredients and possible side effects., Hello and thanks for the query. Females go for a keratin hair treatment to rejuvenate and straighten their dull, listless locks. Keratin is the substance which the hair (as well as the nails) are made of. Frequently abusing hair with styling and heating and chemical applications causes it to lose....

    7 Disadvantages Of Keratin Hair Treatment Mag For Women

    keratin hair treatment reviews side effects

    Potential Keratin Treatment Risks And Side Effects. 08/07/2019 · Keratin hair treatment review Keratin treatment price in India Keratin treatment side effects Keratin vs. rebounding In this video I’m sharing my experience of keratin hair treatment … The biggest negative aspect of this treatment is the fact that the hair cannot be touched for 3 days after the procedure. It has to hang loose, without being washed for this time which has been found very uncomfortable among women. As such, the development of dandruff has become one of the many keratin hair treatment side effects..

    keratin hair treatment reviews side effects


    20/02/2019 · Keratin Treatment is a top salon procedure, and some of us have already made it a part of our daily hair routine. You’ve probably come across a bunch of articles and Internet talks on Keratin damaging/curing effects and were left wondering whether it’s safe to use products with Keratin at all. Thirty-three hair-straightening products have been recalled over the last three years in several countries due to high levels of formaldehyde, however, the U.S. has yet to pull the toxic products, according to new research from the national nonprofit Women’s Voices for the Earth (WVE). Read on to fi...

    19/12/2016В В· Chemical hair straightening has recently come under fire for causing some super-scary side effects, with hair damage being the least of it. Here's what you need to know 17/12/2018В В· 11 Major Side Effects of Hair Smoothening/Hair Straightening side-effects, illness or any health or skin related problems causes due to the use of our content or anything related to this

    Thirty-three hair-straightening products have been recalled over the last three years in several countries due to high levels of formaldehyde, however, the U.S. has yet to pull the toxic products, according to new research from the national nonprofit Women’s Voices for the Earth (WVE). Read on to fi... 08/10/2019 · During a keratin treatment, keratin is artificially added to the hair but that has not positive and negative effects. Here is our review on Keratin treatment and everything related you always

    Keratin is a popular supplement for hair, skin, and fingernails, though there is little evidence to suggest that taking Keratin supplements can stop hair loss or stimulate hair or nail growth. Keratin supplements are taken to support healthy hair, skin and nails. However, supplements do have the potential to cause side effects. Hair fall. Chemicals used in Keratin Treatment damage the hair and spoil the hair texture. Long term effects of damage caused by the chemicals are thinning of hair, weakening of roots and ultimately hair fall. Many individuals experience excessive hair loss after the keratin treatment. The reason behind drastic hair fall could be the high

    Keratin treatments are all the rage because they straighten hair for several months while leaving the hair looking healthier than before the treatment. The healthy shine is also why some women get keratin treatments - even if they don't necessarily want straight hair - you can keep your curls but increase manageability and eliminate frizz. 08/07/2019 · Keratin hair treatment review Keratin treatment price in India Keratin treatment side effects Keratin vs. rebounding In this video I’m sharing my experience of keratin hair treatment …

    20/02/2019 · Keratin Treatment is a top salon procedure, and some of us have already made it a part of our daily hair routine. You’ve probably come across a bunch of articles and Internet talks on Keratin damaging/curing effects and were left wondering whether it’s safe to use products with Keratin at all. 20/02/2019 · Keratin Treatment is a top salon procedure, and some of us have already made it a part of our daily hair routine. You’ve probably come across a bunch of articles and Internet talks on Keratin damaging/curing effects and were left wondering whether it’s safe to use products with Keratin at all.

    Luckily for those keratin-treatment loyalists, their answer was no. "I wouldn't say [keratin treatments] are necessarily bad for your hair," says Vaccaro. "There are different brands of keratin, and it's important to know what kind you're using and how frequently you're getting it done." We had them break it down in more detail for us. Thirty-three hair-straightening products have been recalled over the last three years in several countries due to high levels of formaldehyde, however, the U.S. has yet to pull the toxic products, according to new research from the national nonprofit Women’s Voices for the Earth (WVE). Read on to fi...

    - 100% of your frizz problem will be removed after using Mycro Keratin - Restores the natural Keratin levels in your hair - Wash and style your hair immediately after the treatment - Although not permanent, the treatment is long term, lasting from three to six months! - The result is strong, soft, beautifully healthy hair with a radiant shine 12. At-home Keratin Hair Smoothing Treatments Side Effects. Most at-home keratin smoothing treatment might not contain formaldehyde listed on the label. But formaldehyde will be present in the listed ingredients that can contain methylene, glycol, paraform, oxomethane, and other harmful substances. Apart from that, you should watch out for

    17/12/2018 · 11 Major Side Effects of Hair Smoothening/Hair Straightening side-effects, illness or any health or skin related problems causes due to the use of our content or anything related to this Those with fine strands may find a keratin treatment weighs down their hair, while hair botox retains more volume. How Long Do They Last? Both hair botox and keratin treatments offer semi-permanent results. The effects of hair botox typically last between 2-4 months, while keratin treatments last on average 3 months. For both treatments, it’s

    Keratin treatments are all the rage because they straighten hair for several months while leaving the hair looking healthier than before the treatment. The healthy shine is also why some women get keratin treatments - even if they don't necessarily want straight hair - you can keep your curls but increase manageability and eliminate frizz. 7 Disadvantages Of Keratin Hair Treatment Though keratin hair treatment is a good way to get soft, straight and silky hair, you cannot ignore the side effects of the keratin hair treatment. Read ahead and find out some of the short term and long term side effects of keratin hair treatment.

    keratin hair treatment reviews side effects

    Keratin treatments can smooth and straighten the hair, but it can also come with some potential side effects. Formaldehyde, a known cancer-causing chemical is used in this type of treatment, and Keratin hair treatment is a great way of straightening frizzy and curly hair; giving it a smooth, beautiful appearance. However, this treatment is not devoid of side effects, some serious enough to warrant a ban on smoothing products in some countries. Here is a look at what exactly makes this treatment so unsafe and its lesser evils.